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药物详细合成路线

Name Cepharanthine;BRN 0075231;LS-52756
Chemical Name (14S,27R)-22,33-Dimethoxy-13,28-dimethyl-2,5,7,20-tetraoxa-13,28-diazaoctacyclo[25.6.2.2(16,19).1(3,10).1(21,25).0(4,8).0(14,39).0(31,35)]nonatriaconta-1(33),3,8,10(39),16,18,21(38),22,24,31,34,36-dodecaene
CAS 481-49-2
Related CAS
Formula C37H38N2O6
Structure
Formula Weight 606.72521
Stage 临床
Company
Activity/Mechanism AIDS Medicines, Antibiotics and Alkaloids, Anti-HIV Agents, ANTIINFECTIVE THERAPY, ONCOLYTIC DRUGS, Apoptosis Inducers, NF-kappaB (NFKB) Activation Inhibitors
Syn. Route 3
Route 1
the condensation of 3,4-methylenedioxy-5-[2-methoxy-4-(n-carbobenzoxyaminoethyl)phenoxy]phenylethylamine (i) with 4-[2-methoxy-5-(methoxycarbonylmethyl)phenoxyphenylacetic acid (ii) by means of dicyclohexylcarbodiimide in methylene chloride gives the amide (iii), which is hydrolyzed with aqueous na2co3 to the corresponding free acid (iv). the cyclization of (iv) by the p-nitrophenyl ester method yields the cyclobisamide (v), which by a bischler-napieralski reaction with pocl3 in chloroform is converted into the bis(3,4-dihydroisoquinoline) (vi). the hydrogenation of (vi) with h2 over pt affords the bis(tetrahydroisoquinoline) derivative (vii), which without isolation is finally methylated with formalin and nabh4.
List of intermediates No.
1-amino-1-cyclopentanemethanol; cycloleucinol (i)
4-benzoyl-3-methoxybenzo-1,2-quinone (ii)
(iii)
(iv)
isochromeno[6,5,4:10,5,6]anthra[2,1,9-def]isochromene-1,3,8,10-tetrone (v)
ethyl crotonate; trans-ethyl crotonate; crotonic acid ethyl ester (vi)
ethyl (2s,3r)-2,3-dihydroxybutanoate (vii)
Reference 1:
    tomita, m.; et al.; synthesis of di-cepharanthine. tetrahedron lett 1967, 1201-06.
Reference 2:
    kondo, h.; et al.; us 2206407 .
Reference 3:
    serradell, m.n.; blancafort, p.; mealy, n.; casta?er, j.; cepharanthine. drugs fut 1979, 4, 7, 481.

Route 2
the starting phenylethylamine (i) is prepared by condensation of n-formyl-5-bromo-3,4-methylenedioxyphenylethylamine (viii) with n-carbobenzoxy-3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylamine (ix) through an ullman condensation catalysed by cuo, followed by elimination of the formyl group with hcl in methanol.compound (viii) is prepared as follows: 3,4-dihydroxy-5-bromobenzaldehyde (x) is methylenated with methylene bromide (a) and cuo in dmf giving 3,4-methylenedioxy-5-bromobenzaldehyde (xi), which is condensed with nitromethane (b) in acetic acid containing ammonium acetate affording 3,4-methylenedioxy-5-bromo-beta-nitrostyrene (xii). the reduction of (xii) under clemensen conditions yields 3,4-methylenedioxy-5-bromophenylethylamine (xiii), which is finally formylated with formic acid in decalin.compound (ix) is prepared as follows: 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-beta-nitrostyrene (xiv) is treated with ethyl chloroformate (c) in pyridine yielding the corresponding ethoxycarbonyl derivative (xv), which is reduced under clemensen conditions to 3-methoxy-4-ethoxycarbonyloxyphenylethylamine (xvi). finally, this compound is treated first with benzyloxycarbonyl chloride and then with aqueous nahco3.
List of intermediates No.
ethyl 2-[2-([[(4-chlorophenyl)sulfonyl]amino]methyl)-2,3-dihydro-1h-inden-5-yl]-2-(methylsulfanyl)acetate (a)
3-hydroxy-2-methoxypropyl octadecylcarbamate (c)
1-amino-1-cyclopentanemethanol; cycloleucinol (i)
ethyl (2s,3r)-3-methyl-2-oxiranecarboxylate (x)
ethyl (2s,3r)-2-hydroxy-3-(1h-indol-3-yl)butanoate (xi)
(5s)-2-amino-5-[(1r)-1-(1h-indol-3-yl)ethyl]-1,3-oxazol-4(5h)-one (b)
tert-butyl (2s)-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate (xii)
tert-butyl (2s)-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-(4-[[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]oxy]phenyl)propanoate (xiii)
tert-butyl (2s)-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-(2,6-dimethoxy[1,1-biphenyl]-4-yl)propanoate (viii)
tert-butyl (2s)-2-amino-3-(2,6-dimethoxy[1,1-biphenyl]-4-yl)propanoate (xiv)
tetrahydrofuran-2-carboxylic acid; 2-tetrahydrofuroic acid (xv)
n-(2-hydroxyphenyl)tetrahydro-2-furancarboxamide (xvi)
2-tetrahydro-2-furanyl-1,3-benzoxazole (ix)
Reference 1:
    tomita, m.; et al.; synthesis of di-cepharanthine. tetrahedron lett 1967, 1201-06.
Reference 2:
    serradell, m.n.; blancafort, p.; mealy, n.; casta?er, j.; cepharanthine. drugs fut 1979, 4, 7, 481.
Reference 3:
    kondo, h.; et al.; us 2206407 .

Route 3
the starting phenylacetic acid (ii) is prepared by an ullman condensation between tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylacetate (xvii) and methyl 3-bromo-4-methoxyphenylacetate (xviii) catalysed by cuo, followed by treatment with p-toluenesulfonic acid in benzene.compound (xvii) is prepared by esterification of 4-benzyloxyphenylacetic acid (xix) to the corresponding tart butyl ester (xx), followed by hydrogenolysis with h2 over pd/c.compound (xviii) is prepared by methylation of methyl 3-bromo-4-hydroxyphenylacetate (xxi) with dimethyl sulfate and k2co3 in dmf.
List of intermediates No.
4-benzoyl-3-methoxybenzo-1,2-quinone (ii)
methyl 2-(1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)tetrahydro-2-furancarboxylate (xix)
2-(1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)tetrahydro-2-furancarboxylic acid (xx)
tert-butyl (2s)-2-([[2-(1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)tetrahydro-2-furanyl]carbonyl]amino)-3-(2,6-dimethoxy[1,1-biphenyl]-4-yl)propanoate (xvii)
methyl (3s)-3-hydroxy-4-methylpentanoate (xxi)
methyl (2r)-2-[(1r)-1-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl]-4-methyl-4-pentenoate (xviii)
Reference 1:
    kondo, h.; et al.; us 2206407 .
Reference 2:
    tomita, m.; et al.; synthesis of di-cepharanthine. tetrahedron lett 1967, 1201-06.
Reference 3:
    serradell, m.n.; blancafort, p.; mealy, n.; casta?er, j.; cepharanthine. drugs fut 1979, 4, 7, 481.

来源:药化网

作者:药化小编

摘要:本文合成路线介绍的是药物中文名千金藤素;英文名Cepharanthine;BRN 0075231;LS-52756;CAS[481-49-2]

 
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